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Sichuan: Food, Pandas, Mountains and Spirituality

Sichuan, literal meaning “four river plains” is one of the largest and most populous and important provinces in China. Sichuan is famous for its Pandas and it’s unique food but also home to a mixture of ancient peoples and cultures.


Sichuan Spices
Sichuan Spices


Chengdu famoso calle de comida Amplio-Estrecho en un día estivo
Chengdu wide-narrow street

Sichuan people aren’t happy without Sichuan (or “Szechwan”) pepper, which can be found everywhere. Meals are taken in bite sized portions of different dishes much like Spanish tapas – or communal

Tofu maloliente es popular también
stinky tofu can also be found

hotpot where everyone cooks their own morsels in a hot soup pot, either divided into spicy/non-spicy, or commonly just spicy or spicy/extra spicy depending on your taste!  Sichuan pepper is not like chilli pepper or black pepper, instead it gives a mild tingly numbing sensation that is confusing a first but strangely addictive.

Fish Chili Sichuan pepper
Fish with chilli and Sichuan pepper




Bamboo forests in Panda country
Bamboo forests in Panda country – these bamboo forests are over 6 metres tall

No trip to Chengdu is complete without Panda.  If you have time and conditions allow, you could be lucky enough to see the wild panda continuing their peaceful life in the mountains covered with bamboo forests.  Those on a normal agenda will need to go to the Panda breeding research centres outside of Chengdu, a high priority item on any tourist list.  These are of course the worlds most advanced panda breeding base, almost a matBaby Pandasernity hospital for panda, here you can see the babies of different ages and if you are lucky (and pay the fee) you may also get to hold one. There are also zones for other local rara animals including a great walkthrough forest area dedicated to the red panda.
The Obama family made time to visit and if you have the chance so should you – just try to avoid a national holiday as there are a lot of Chinese who want to visit too.

 recinto amplio en el Panda Base
large enclosures in Chengdu Panda Base


Mountains and spirituality

on QingCheng mountain
on QingCheng mountain

Sichuan is also a cultural and spiritual centre of remote misty valleys and fertile plains surrounded by mountains.
The natural protection of the mountains allowed a strong culture to develop in the kingdom of Shu, remembered today for the Shu silk brocade – see the story of Cancong.

The mountain areas also became a refuge for minority peoples, who brought their own cultures and craftsmanship and preserved them in isolated mountain villages.  These include Yi (2.5 million), Tibetan (1.2 million), Qiang (300,000), Miao as well as Hui, Mongolian, Lisu, Manchu, Naxi, Bai, Bouyei, Dai, Miao and Tujia.  Most of these peoples have their own traditional clothing and embroidery techniques, in some cases oral traditions are passed down via embroidery designs by peoples lacking a writing tradition.

Taoist Temple in Mount QingCheng
Taoist Temple in Mount QingCheng

QingCheng Mountain 青城山 by Chengdu is the home and origin of Taoism.
The sweet scented forests claim the highest concentration of natural negative ions on the planet, and certainly the highest concentration of Taoist temples and monuments.
Mt QingCheng is located above the famous and ancient Dujiangyan “dam” which protects Sichuan from seasonal floodwaters and also home to the Dujiangyan Giant Panda Center.

Emei Shan 峨嵋山 one of the 4 sacred mountains of Buddhism and nearby is the world’s largest stone Buddha  Leshan Giant Buddha, 71 meters tall and also one of the oldest giant Buddhas, completed in 803.

Gongga Shan (7,556m) is the highest mountain in the West, near Tibet, there are extensive highlands in the Tibetan plateau area of Sichuan.

Jiuzhaigou Valley [9 village valley] (2,000-4,500m) is a famously beautiful area of lakes and waterfalls in the North of Sichuan on the edge of the Tibetan plateau – see separate article.

Ancient Bridge in Dujiangyan
Ancient Silvers
Ancient Silvers in Sichuan
Old Temple
Old Temple in countryside


Sichuan opera
Sichuan opera


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3 thoughts on “Sichuan: Food, Pandas, Mountains and Spirituality

  1. […] founder Yan is from Chengdu area of Sichuan. […]

  2. […] was taken over when the Qin dynasty united China over 2,000 years ago, and is now part of the Sichuan area around Chengdu. The Shu name and silk making tradition still survives and is used most […]

  3. […] Rma and are also known as the cloud people since they live mainly in the mountains of northwest Sichuan on the edge of the Tibetan plateau.  Qiang social organization is based around fortress villages […]

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